Currently, India contributes only 6.8% of global carbon emissions and its per capita emissions are only 1.9 tons. According to a study by the Global Carbon Project, the situation in China is very serious in terms of pollution. China`s share of carbon dioxide is 30%. The United States is at 13.5% and the European Union in third place. These four countries account for more than 50% of carbon dioxide emissions. On climate change, Prime Minister Modi said at the G20 summit that India has not only met the goals of the Paris Agreement, but has also exceeded them comprehensively and holistically. The Trump administration has officially begun the process of withdrawing from the Paris Agreement and has informed the United Nations (UN). It is known that once the process is complete, the United States will be the first country to withdraw from the agreement. According to President Trump, the country`s oil, gas and coal industries will benefit the most from this decision from the United States (which is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world). But with this decision by the United States, the question of the choice between development and the environment has again entered the discussion. Currently, almost the entire world is facing the crisis of climate change. The Earth`s temperature is rising faster, the weather is changing, and glaciers are constantly melting. Experts say the Trump administration`s decision has further increased the challenge for the global community to combat the threat of climate change.
In his speech, Prime Minister Modi said that when I first came to the climate conference in Paris, I had no intention of adding even one of my own promises to the promises made around the world. For me, the event in Paris was an obligation. India did not make these promises to the world, but these promises were made by 125 crore compatriots themselves. I am pleased that a developing country like India has spared no effort to fulfil its duty. Today, the whole world believes that India is the only economy that has fully adhered to it. Prime Minister Modi also talked about reducing carbon emissions to zero by 2070. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was established in 1994 with the aim of stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, which includes 198 countries, including India and China. Subsequently, the Conference of the Parties was established under its full name Conference of the Parties.
It has met annually since 1995. This time it was the 26th meeting, so it was called COP 26. India has set a goal of reducing carbon levels to 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide by 2030 through additional forests. The Treaty of Paris was signed by 177 members from the outset. .